Конгресс 2014
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Основные мероприятия ассоциации офтальмологов
Новости офтальмологии
Sarwat Salim, MD, sits down with Steven Vold, MD, to discuss how to manage vitreous in the anterior chamber of a glaucoma patient. Dr. Salim shares pearls for determining treatment strategy and explains whether a trabeculectomy or tube shunt procedure is more appropriate
WELCOME NOTE Dear Colleague, It is our pleasure to invite you to participate in the upcoming 2nd European Symposium on The New Agreed Draft Regulations on Medical Devices – (RMD2017) which will take place 16-17 October 2017, at the Hilton Berlin in Berlin, Germany. Following the success of the first inaugural Congress in Prague, this second congress will address the important updates for Medical Devices. In conjunction with EAAR (European Association of Authorized Representatives), our excellent panel of experienced professionals in this field will once again ensure a symposium of noteworthy quality...
Важно? Конечно! Best formula for IOL calculation
Purpose: To determine adherence to face-down positioning (FDP) among patients who underwent vitrectomy and gas tamponade for macular hole (MH) repair. Method: A total of 69 patients (37 females and 32 males) who underwent primary vitrectomy for MH repair were studied. Nurses recorded whether the patient complied with FDP each time they examined the patient. FDP score was obtained from the nursing records; patients were given a score of 1 if they complied with the FDP and 0 if they did not. The score was recorded four times per day for the first 3 postoperative days. A perfect FDP score was 12. Results: The mean ± standard deviation of the FDP scores was 10.6±1.8 (range: 4–12). Overall, 32 (46.4%) patients scored a perfect 12, and 7 (10.1%) patients scored <8. Failure of the MH closure was observed in only one patient (1.4%), who showed the poorest adherence to FDP (score =4). Consequently, the closure rate in patients with FDP score <7 (2/3, 66.7%) was significantly lower than in patients with an FDP score ≥7 (66/66, 100%) (P<0.05, Fisher’s exact probability test). Conclusion: While adherence to FDP after MH surgery was better than that observed after vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachments in our previous study, the percentage of patients with FDP scores <8 did not differ. Statistically, the poor adherence to FDP can negatively impact the effectiveness of the surgery for MH repair.
Abstract: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic and heterogeneous disorder characterized by remitting and relapsing periods of activity. Pharmacogenetics refers to the study of the effect of inheritance on individual variation in drug responses. Several drug-related markers in IBD patients have been identified in order to predict the response to medical treatment including biological therapy as well as the reduction of adverse events. In the future, the treatment of IBD should be personalized in its specific profile to provide the most efficacious treatment with lack of adverse events.
Congratulations on your induction into the ASCRS Hall of Fame! I feel very humbled and honored. To be commemorated in this way is a huge deal and totally unexpected. When I accepted the honor, I told the audience that the very fact they had recognized me was symbolic of their commitment to eliminate needless blindness in the world.
Sowwa Anatoliy, MD, describes the reasons he selected the CT LUCIA 601P IOL (Carl Zeiss Meditec) in a patient with bilateral pseudoexfoliation syndrome, weak cynic ligaments, corneal astigmatism, and high hypermetropia; stage 1 angle-closure glaucoma in her right eye; and stage 2 angle-closure glaucoma in her left eye. The patient also suffered from chronic uveitis in her left eye, which also had a complicated cataract, posterior synechia, and a rigid and narrow pupil. Like with any routine cataract surgery case, biocompatibility and ease of use were essential considerations in IOL selection, which is why in the end the CT LUCIA was chosen. In this case, the fully preloaded injection system and C-loop design of the hydrophobic, aspheric monofocal IOL optimized Dr. Anatoliy’s surgical workflow and the patient’s visual outcomes
Glaucoma is currently the second leading cause of blindness throughout the world. The goal of glaucoma treatment is to stop or slow disease progression. Current glaucoma medications achieve this almost exclusively through reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP). Unfortunately, even with appropriate use of currently available medications, many people with glaucoma will still experience vision loss. Intraocular pressure is the only known modifiable risk factor for patients with glaucoma, so improvements in patient outcomes rely on tight IOP control and patient adherence to therapy. In this educational activity, leading clinicians review established and new therapeutic agents for patients with glaucoma, including the recent clinical evidence for their safety and efficacy. In addition, discussion will include the extent to which patient adherence has a negative impact on the delivery of effective therapy for glaucoma
SPECTRALIS spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) is a fast, non-invasive method of examining the posterior section of the eye. Apart from an optimal imaging technique that aids in diagnosis, it also offers a unique AutoRescan function which allows for reproducible measurements necessary for optimal monitoring of disease. The qualitative evaluation of OCT images makes it possible to accurately assign pathological changes to the individual layers of the retina. This guide will help you to both systematically evaluate OCT images and to describe clinical observations visualized by such images in a straight forward and efficient manner.
The capsulotomy has a fascinating history – one tinged with jealousy, rivalry, fashion, evolution, revolution and even nationalistic pride – and it’s a story that’s got a great deal more to tell. It started with the Frenchman, Jaques Daviel, who ushered in the modern era of cataract surgery, abandoning couching (Box 1) for the first extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE; Box 2). The British, for predominantly patriotic reasons, preferred couching (Box 3), but ECCE was always going to win out. Albrecht von Graefe improved it in 1850 with his eponymous knife (Box 4) and, extraordinarily, his technique lasted for over a century. That’s not to say that competing approaches weren’t developed along the way – Ignacio Barraquer devised the suction cup-based erisophake in 1917, which enabled rapid intracapsular extraction of the lens (Box 5), but its uptake was limited. So the von Graefe method persisted into the 1970s.
Abstract Determining target intraocular pressure (IOP) in glaucoma patients is multifaceted, requiring attention to many different factors such as glaucoma type, severity of disease, age, race, family history, corneal thickness and hysteresis, and initial IOP. Even with all these variables accounted for, there are still patients who have progression of the disease despite achieving target IOP. Intraocular pressure variability has been identified as a potential independent risk factor for glaucoma progression but is currently difficult to quantify in individual patients. New technologies enabling measurement of both diurnal and nocturnal IOP may necessitate modifying our concept of target pressure.
Коллеги! Утвержденные Федеральные клинические рекомендации по офтальмологии
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